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- 컠 : , , , 腻 (1).

 ࠠ . .. .   ࠠ ,  , .. , . , , ꠠ ࠠ ,  堠 . 蠠 - , 젠 , . : 3 , .

 Π 堠 蠠  堠  頠 砠 ⠠ ,  ࠠ  , ,  堠 堠 ,  堠 . ,    - , 蠠 蠠 堠 . ࠠ  , ࠠ  , 堠 ࠠ 蠠 . Ƞ  堠 ࠠ ,  蠠  㠠 : , , , .

. ߠ 頠 . , , ࠠ ࠠ .   頠 蠠 , 堠 , .  , , 蠠 , .  蠠 頠 , .   , 頠 (10).

 ࠠ : 򠠠 , 堠  ⠠ 蠠 . , ࠠ 젠  . , 젠 , ,  蠠 堠  .

蠠 젠 ⠠ ,  蠠 蠠 蠠 . ࠠ , , , 17 , 1670 . 蠠 . (4, 5, 6, 7).

 ࠠ 蠠 ( 頠 頠 ). Ƞ  , 堠 蠠 堠 20- ( 蠠 ) 蠠 堠 蠠 砠 ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 堠 . 蠠 ࠠ 堠 頠 . 堠 堠 . 砠 蠠 , ࠠ 蠠 .  󠠠 1941 1945 .. 堠 蠠 ࠠ ,  . 蠠  蠠 ⠠ : () 堠 .  頠 頠 堠  ⠠ 堠 ,  蠠 頠 堠 . 15 䠠 堠  󠠠 ,  堠 ⠠ , -堠 .   堠 ࠠ 젠 堠 ࠠ 堠 蠠 蠠 . ࠠ 頠 .

  ࠠ  ࠠ . 蠠 , , , . 蠠  ໠ (2004 䠠 . ) 蠠 򠠠 ࠠ . .   1966 ࠠ (11).

ࠠ 頠 1975 젠 頠 3 . 堠 ⠠ 1976 젠 頠 2 (11).

⠠ 頠 ࠠ ໠ 1973 젠   .   1982  堠 頠 頠 .. 蠠 1986 젠 頠 (11).

⠠ . , - 젠 .

ࠠ 䠠 頠 蠠 , 頠 蠠 ,  蠠 ⠠ 젠 󠠠 砠 ⠠ 堠 򠠠 ࠠ 頠 頠 頠 蠠 . 堠 , 堠 頠 , 頠  , . ߠ  ࠠ  ⠠ . 堠 蠠 ࠠ  頠 . 󠠠 󠠠 () (1884-1966) ࠠ 帠 , .. ࠠ ࠠ (..1808).  ࠠ 蠠 蠠 , ࠠ  蠠 ,   堠 , 堠  . 젠 蠠   . 砠 , 蠠 蠠 ⠠ . , 堠 . ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 堠 , .. ࠠ ࠠ  蠠 蠠 .

頠 頠 蠠 (頠 ..1892-.10.04.1975.) . 頠 䠠 ⠠ 砠 ,  ࠠ 젠 . Ӡ ⠠ 堠 頠 䠠 蠠 蠠 . ʠ 堠 蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 , . 堠   렠 ⠠ ,  蠠 堠 蠠 頠 蠠 . 蠠 蠠 蠠 ,  젠 , 堠 .

蠠 ? 堠 蠠 蠠 , 頠 堠 堠 堠 , 蠠 蠠 . 堠 堠 堠 , 堠 蠠  蠠 .  , , 蠠 렠 - , 蠠 ࠠ . 蠠 , 堠  , 蠠 젠 .  . : 젠 蠠 , ࠠ ࠠ , ࠠ ࠠ .  ࠠ ࠠ . Ƞ ࠠ 蠠 蠠 ,  ࠠ .

ࠠ : ࠠ 젠 , ࠠ 堠 ࠠ  ?. Ƞ : . 蠠 - , 젠 , 蠠 ,  . ⠠ , .

. ظ 1942 . . 蠠  . ࠠ ࠠ ࠠ 800 젠 ⠠ ( 1 .), 300. Ӡ 頠  , . 렠  . ࠠ 蠠 蠠2 .800. . 蠠 堠 . , 堠 ࠠ 䠠 ⠠ 頠 , ࠠ - ࠠ 󠠠 . ࠠ , : , !, , : 蠠 堠 , . ࠠ , ࠠ , ࠠ ࠠ 頠 ⠠ 堠 , 蠠 󠠠  , 蠠 . ࠠ 蠠 蠠 : 堠 , . - !. ࠠ 帠 蠠 : ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ ,   ࠠ . 蠠 ?  蠠 ! ࠠ ᠠ ?. ࠠ . ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ . ꠠ 蠠 蠠 , . .

ࠠ ࠠ 砠  . 蠠 蠠 .   . ࠠ , 頠 堠 . 젠 ࠠ ࠠ ꠠ 頠 堠 堠 堠 () 蠠 ࠠ 頠 , -. ࠠ 頠 蠠 ࠠ . Ƞ ⠠ 堠 ࠠ ࠠ 頠 堠 堠 蠠 . Ƞ 젠 ࠠ , ࠠ 帠 , ࠠ ࠠ  砠 頠 .

頠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 頠 蠠 .

蠠 55 䠠 頠 . ࠠ ⠠  堠 , . 젠 젠  , 蠠 . 堠 堠 蠠 . ꠠ  ࠠ , . ⠠ 頠 .

堠 蠠 蠠 蠠 ,  堠 ,  , ⠠ . ࠠ 㠠 . 㠠 󻠠 2005 . 帠 堠 , , ꠠ 4 蠠 . ⠠ 堠 . 蠠 .

󠠠 ᠠ 頠 , ⠠ ࠠ . ꠠ 蠠 ,  .

ࠠ -堠 頠 , ࠠ .    젠  󠠠 ⠠ 堠 1912 . 젠 , 㠠 򠠠 ⠠ 堠 . ⠠ . Ӡ - : 젠 ?. ,  蠠 -, ࠠ 蠠  蠠 蠠 蠠 - . ꠠ 蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 堠 ,  堠 . 렠 蠠 ࠠ 堠  蠠 .    堠  4 ,  堠 . Ӡ ࠠ ࠠ , 젠 . Ƞ . 蠠 ࠠ -ࠠ ,  렠 . 렠 頠 頠 , ࠠ 堠  蠠 ࠠ  . 堠 ࠠ , ⠠ 頠 . ߠ ࠠ 󠠠 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ . 렠 , , 堠 . ߠ ࠠ 頠 ⠠ 󠠠 , 堠 堠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 . ?, . ࠠ ࠠ ꠠ . 렠 , 렠 . 堠 렠 ꠠ 젠 ,  젠 ࠠ 堠 , 렠 ࠠ 󠠠 蠠 蠠 󠠠 ⠠ .  ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ 堠 頠 . ࠠ 렠 , 렠 , ࠠ 蠠 蠠 렠 .

蠠 ⠠ 蠠 , ꠠ ࠠ ࠠ ,  ࠠ 򠠠 󠠠 . 젠 蠠 , . 頠 ࠠ 堠 堠  ࠠ . ,  렠 . Ѡ  76 .  蠠 , ࠠ 󠠠  , 򠠠 砠 .

蠠 ⠠ 堠 ࠠ , ࠠ ࠠ 젠 . ࠠ 1941-1945 .. 頠 𠠠 (..1922) 砠 ⠠ , 렠 ⠠ 頠 򠠠 蠠 젠 렠 ࠠ . 렠 ࠠ , 렠 ⠠ 堠 .

  堠 軠 1941-45 .  頠 : ⠠ 𠠠 ..1922 . , ᠠ 14 ࠠ 1945. .. ⠠ , . (2).  󠠠 23 . 砠 2 蠠 ࠠ 頠 . 頠 ,  堠 ᠠ 젠 堠 堠 . 蠠 렠 頠 , 蠠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ . 頠  ⠠ . ࠠ ࠠ 堠 ࠠ 堠 .

  頠 堠 ࠠ 頠 堠 , ,  蠠  .  ࠠ ࠠ 젠 . ⠠ . . ࠠ 頠 ࠠ 젠 : 젠 , 젠 ࠠ 堠 ⠠1945 .. 젠 ࠠ 젠 .   頠 蠠 頠 蠠 : 頠  .

ࠠ  ࠠ 󠠠 . - 砠 렠 堠 蠠 렠 . 뻠   頠 堠 젠 , ࠠ 󠠠 堠  ࠠ .

堠 頠 頠 1941-45 .. (1950 .) Р 蠠 젠 , 堠 蠠 . 頠 렠 頠 蠠 -. 젠 蠠 堠 堠 蠠 堠 .   堠 ࠠ ꠠ 頠 (3).   렠  砠 ࠠ 頠 ⠠ (..1934). 砠  :   蠠 1953 1955 .  , . -. 렠 . 蠠 . ࠠ ࠠ 頠 . 젠 젠 蠠 . ࠠ 렠 ࠠ1953 . ࠠ ⠠ 堠 1955 . -  堠 蠠 ࠠ 젠 젠 , ࠠ 頠 頠 蠠 --ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 21523 . 蠠 ࠠ , , 󠠠 蠠 .

頠 頠 񠠠 ⠠ (.. 1948) ⠠ 蠠 렠 ⠠ 1967-1969 ..  頠 ࠠ 頠 렠 頠 . 蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 젠 . , 蠠 . . ,  ࠠ . 蠠 ⠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠 堠 . ⠠ ⠠ 堠 蠠 砠 堠 蠠 . 젠 , 蠠 , 堠 ⠠  . 蠠 ࠠ : 䠠 .

젠  ,   ࠠ , 頠 젠 堠  ().  ()  , ,  󠠠  . - 帠  堠 蠠 ࠠ 젠 . Ѡ 蠠 ࠠ . 蠠 堠 堠 2001 , 󠠠 , ꠠ , 頠 - , 堠 젠 , 2001 ,  젠  , ꠠ - (1989 ), 頠 ࠠ 젠 堠 2008 , ⠠ 蠠 ʠ . ߠ ࠠ ,   . 젠  ࠠ , 頠 頠 렠 蠠 ⠠ Р ..⠠ : ,  젠 젠 蠠 , 頠 堠 蠠 .

蠠 젠 頠 ࠠ , . 蠠 - 頠 蠠 , 堠 堠 : , 129110, . , . , 7, .109, .

頠 , ,   , , , , , 堠 蠠 . 蠠 蠠 , , ,  . , , , . ࠠ 󠠠 蠠 頠 젠 .

.

1. . ࠠ 蠠 廠 .4, , 2001 .

2. ࠠ 軠 1941 1945.. 3, . 190-193.

3. ⠠ 頠 , .

4.Π .5, .1, .437,.147 ( 1834 .).

5.Π .5, .1, .1 ( 頠 1855 .).

6. .5. .4, .438, .14, 62, 65 (ࠠ 1858 .).

7 .5,. 1, . 5(堠 蠠  ࠠ 頠 1874 .).

8. , ꠠ 4, ࠠ 堠 , . 201-202, 2010 .

9. 堠 1 2008. .2.

10. : 頠 䠠 .

11. 蠠  . . ,2004 ., .17, 20, 30, 31, 34, 48.

, . .., . , 2012.



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